I remember reading in a Malcolm Gladwell book that those admitted to colleges through AA performed just as well as their peers academically and later in their careers.
The only problem with AA is that it’s sort of a bandaid solution, and really we’re better off dismantling barriers and the biases that make it necessary in the first place. But it’s a start.
People against AA need to realise it’s levelling the playing field. If you don’t have equally of outcome at a group level that should clue you in that you never had true equality of opportunity for the individual. Unless you truly believe some groups of people are sub-human, I guess.
I am also reminded of another Gladwell book, Blink. It gives an example of an orchestra which started sex-blind auditions which lead them to employ 45% female musicians (up from 10%) — could have done this with AA and achieved the same.
Quotas won’t always give you this outcome, of course, maybe few women want to become X, Y, or Z, I don’t know, but dismantling barriers (including lack of representation) means every individual who does, now can do so more easily.